Scholarly Sunday: Reseach Wanted on Pickles and Ice Cream
Pica is the craving for and consumption of nonfood items, including the ingestion of earth (geophagy), raw starch (amylophagy), and ice (pagophagy). All of these behaviors have been associated with being anemic and having low blood zinc during pregnancy according to D Miao and a Metanalysis published in Am J of Hum Biol in 2015. In another study published in 2015 article in J Acad Nut Diet a group of lead by LV Farland decided to look at whether food cravings could predict gestational diabetes. Their study showed about 20% of their group craved sweets, only about 10% craved salty foods, and less than 5% craved starchy foods. And to some extent these cravings altered the way they ate their diet. In their study craving salty foods may predict reduced risk of developing diabetes in pregnancy, whereas craving sweets did not appear to alter one's risk at all. To the extent a pregnancy suffers from a nutritional issue the baby's health could be affected. But there has not so far been a direct link to lack of health and the foods the women choose. What has been determined is that these cravings are real, they do mean something, and you definitely need to gab with your gyno about them so that you can be sure you are not suffering from deficiencies.