Why Birth Control Users Retain Water

Women who use birth control pills can have more salt and water retention. Virtually all birth control pills contain estrogen which causes the liver to increase production of certain molecules called peptides, essentially proteins. These molecules in turn cause physiologic effects. The salt and water retention is due to the liver producing angiotensinogen, which then becomes angiotensin, which then increases water and fluid retention. some pills, those containing drospirenone will specifically counter this effect. Changing your diet and activity may specifically counter the effect. Over time it is also thought that our bodies, if healthy, can adjust and go back to the normal levels of these molecules. And within a range, we can stay healthy even if we do have slight alterations in the system. But for some pill users the physical effects include bloating, higher blood pressure, higher heart rate, and more leg swelling. If you have any of these side effects, it's time to gab with your gyno and discuss the alternatives for your contraception.

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