- Uterine fibroids (leiomyomas) are benign (non cancerous) muscle knots of the wall of the uterus
- They are the most common cause of hysterectomy in the country
- 2/100 women have fibroids of the uterus by age 25, and at least 1-3/10 by age 45
- Women with relatives who have fibroids have double the risks of having them
- The heavier you are the greater likelihood that you will have fibroids
- Oral contraceptive pills do not cause fibroid growth and those who have used oral contraceptives consistently have a third less chance of ever having fibroids
- Oral contraceptive pills can manage pain and bleeding from fibroids, as can a progesterone IUD
- High consumption of red meat increases the risks that you are going to have fibroids, green vegetables will decrease the risk of ever having uterine fibroids
- If you are a big exerciser then you are less likely to have fibroids: studies set the cut off at 7 hours per week for "heavy exercise"
- Neither birth control pills nor menopausal hormones will increase fibroids in the most recent studies
- This is what is called a pedunculated fibroid.
- Fibroids can occur in the uterine lining, the wall of the uterus or hanging off the surface. In this picture the fibroid is attached to the side of the uterus.
- Fibroids can grow in pregnancy, but they shrink in menopause
National Uterine Fibroids Foundation:
U.S. National Library of Medicine:
Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health: