Fibroid Facts: And Tips On How to Avoid Them



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  • Uterine fibroids (leiomyomas) are benign (non cancerous) muscle knots of the wall of the uterus
  • They are the most common cause of hysterectomy in the country
  • 2/100 women have fibroids of the uterus by age 25, and at least 1-3/10 by age 45
  • Women with relatives who have fibroids have double the  risks of having them
  • The heavier you are the greater likelihood that you will have fibroids
  • Oral contraceptive pills do not cause fibroid growth and those who have used oral contraceptives consistently have a third less chance of ever having fibroids 
  • Oral contraceptive pills can manage pain and bleeding from fibroids, as can a progesterone IUD
  • High consumption of red meat increases the risks that you are going to have fibroids, green vegetables will decrease the risk of ever having uterine fibroids
  • If you are a big exerciser then you are less likely to have fibroids: studies set the cut off at 7 hours per week for "heavy exercise" 
  • Neither birth control pills nor menopausal hormones will increase fibroids in the most recent studies
  • This is what is called a pedunculated fibroid.
  • Fibroids can occur in the uterine lining, the wall of the uterus or hanging off the surface. In this picture the fibroid is attached to the side of the uterus. 
  • Fibroids can grow in pregnancy, but they shrink in menopause

National Uterine Fibroids Foundation:
http://www.nuff.org/health_uterinefibroids.htm
U.S. National Library of Medicine:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001912

Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health:
http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/uterine-fibroids.html
Mayo Clinic:
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/uterine-fibroids/DS00078
MedlinePlus:
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/uterinefibroids.html

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